Pregnancy is an exciting experience for any woman, but it sure does bring many physical changes, which demand extra self-care. Dental health is one among the many areas you need to give proper attention to during your pregnancy. Good oral hygiene, in general, is critical for your health and that of your baby. While our dentist will guide you on a proper oral care routine if you’re regular with dental checkups, for your awareness, here are some common ways pregnancy can affect your dental health.
Hormones change drastically during pregnancy, leaving you more susceptible to gingivitis. Around 40 per cent of women will experience gum diseases at some point in their pregnancy. Some common symptoms of gingivitis include swelling, bleeding, and tender gums.
Dry mouth leading to uncomfortable mouth texture and bad breath is common among pregnant women. Hydrating yourself by sipping on plenty of water and other beverages is recommended to prevent a dry mouth. Sucking on sugar-free candies can also increase saliva production to combat dry mouth.
Morning Sickness That Erodes The Teeth
Morning sickness is inevitable during pregnancy. However, the acid in the vomit can begin to weaken the enamel on the teeth, leaving them prone to cavities and decay. It’s best to avoid brushing your teeth just after vomiting, as the acid in the vomit can soften the enamel. Instead, rinse your mouth with a baking soda and water solution to neutralise the acid, and brush your teeth after 40 minutes.
It is estimated that at least 5 per cent of pregnant women experience a granuloma on the gums. The second trimester is the most common time to possible experience this inflammation. Although they can bring certain discomforts, they don’t bring any risk to your health.
A growing baby needs a lot of calcium, and if your diet does not provide it, your body will start to extract the required calcium from other parts of your body, like the teeth, causing a deficiency. This can lead to brittle teeth, weak roots, irritating gums and extreme fatigue. If you suspect you have a calcium deficiency, you should seek advice from a dentist or your nutritionist.
Gum Disease That Impacts Your Baby
Periodontists, a gum disease caused by bacteria, has been deeply connected to low birth weight and premature birth. Getting regular dental checkups at a reliable dental clinic during pregnancy is crucial to avoid the risk of these serious dental concerns during your pregnancy.
While pregnancy causes more dental issues around the gum, it can also cause some of your teeth to come loose because of how the hormonal changes affect your tissues and bones.
At home, pregnant women can always keep up with a dedicated dental care routine which includes brushing twice a day with a toothpaste containing fluoride, flossing daily, and limiting sugary foods and drinks. For irritated gums rinsing with saltwater could help. However, any severe dental issues during pregnancy should be addressed to your dentist.